Gender differences in academic productivity and advancement among dental school faculty

Background: An equal number of women and men are now graduating from dental school, but women dentists have lower income and are less likely to achieve positions of leadership, including within dental academia. Materials and Methods: Demographic information and academic rank were obtained for all faculty at the eight dental schools who received the most funding from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research in 2017.

Read More
Career mobility from associate to full professor in academia: micro-political practices and implicit gender stereotypes

The purpose of this paper is to gain a deeper understanding of gender stereotypes in academia by examining the informal aspects of the university as an organisation. We do so by using the concept of ?micro-political practices related to recruitment and progression in higher education institutions?

Read More
A leak in the academic pipeline: identity and health among postdoctoral women

Several challenges (e.g., sexism, parental leave, the glass ceiling, etc.) disproportionately affect women in academia (and beyond), and thus perpetuate the leaky pipeline metaphor for women who opt-out of an academic career. Although this pattern can be seen at all levels of the academic hierarchy, a critical time for women facing such challenges is during the postdoctoral stage, when personal life transitions and professional ambitions collide.

Read More
Promoting gender diversity in STEM faculty through leadership development from local and national leadership workshops to the online LEAD-it-Yourself! toolkit

The advancement of equity, diversity and inclusion in higher education is dependent on institutional culture changes in academia. Faculty equity, diversity and inclusion efforts must engage departmental leadership. The purpose of this paper is to describe the growth and expansion of the ADVANCE leadership program at the University of Washington (UW) for department chairs that was designed to provide department chairs the skills, community and information needed to be agents of change within the academy.

Read More
Implementing gender quotas in academia: a practice lens

The purpose of this paper is to explore the practices utilized by university actors when implementing gender quotas, and study how these practices affect gender equality in academic decision-making bodies. Design/methodology/approach The study applies a practice theory lens to the case study of a Belgian university implementing a gender quota by performing 26 semi-structured interviews with actors, and collecting and analyzing relevant organizational documents.

Read More
Gender and research publishing in India: uniformly high inequality?

Women’s access to academic careers has been historically limited by discrimination and cultural constraints. Comprehensive information about gender inequality within disciplines is needed to understand the problem and target remedial action. India is the fifth largest research producer but has a low international index of gender inequality and so is an important case.

Read More
Academic mothers as ideal workers in the USA and Finland

The purpose of this paper is to explore how women academics experience academic motherhood in the USA and Finland, how they time their pregnancy in an academic career, and the ways in which the different policy environments and academic opportunity structures in each country shape the management of academic work and care work during maternity leave.

Read More
What is gender equality in science?

Why do inequalities persist between male and female scientists, when the causes are well-researched and widely condemned? In part, because equality has many dimensions. Presenting eight definitions of gender equality, we show each is important but incomplete. Rigid application of any single equality indicator can therefore have perverse outcomes.

Read More
Beyond diversity: anti-racist pedagogy in British History departments

The Royal Historical Society's 2018 Race, Ethnicity & Equality in UK History: A Report and Resource for Change is one of the most recent reports to raise the alarm on the prevalence of racism and negative experiences of students and staff of colour in Higher Education Institutions in the UK. The report highlights the urgency of this issue especially within the field of History, along with a series of recommendations, borrowing from studies from across the sector and outside of academia.

Read More
Women in academic STEM: dual career and work-life perspectives

Issues associated with the underrepresentation of women in academic STEM continue to challenge colleges and universities. Despite multiple initiatives to remedy the "women problem" in STEM fields, progress has been slow and stubborn. Institutional responses to address equity and parity related to women academics need to consider work life perspectives, particularly dual careers.

Read More
United States National Postdoc Survey results and the interaction of gender, career choice and mentor impact

The postdoctoral community is an essential component of the academic and scientific workforce, but a lack of data about this community has made it difficult to develop policies to address concerns about salaries, working conditions, diversity and career development, and to evaluate the impact of existing policies.

Read More
Family and the field: expectations of a field-based research career affect researcher family planning decisions

Field-based data collection provides an extraordinary opportunity for comparative research. However, the demands of pursuing research away from home creates an expectation of unburdened individuals who have the temporal, financial, and social resources to conduct this work. Here we examine whether this myth of the socially unencumbered scholar contributes to the loss of professionals and trainees.

Read More
Temporary contracts: effect on job satisfaction and personal lives of recent PhD graduates

In this study, we assess the effects of temporary employment on job satisfaction and the personal lives of recent PhD graduates. Temporary employment is becoming increasingly prevalent in many sectors, but has been relatively common in academia, especially for early career scientists. Labor market theory shows temporary employment to have a conspicuous negative influence on the job satisfaction and well-being of employees, but also identifies groups that may be exempt from these negative influences, such as the highly educated.

Read More
PhD students’ housing experiences in suburban Sydney, Australia.

The place of student housing in the built environment and everyday life of the city has been the focus of much research. Much of this literature has focused on the experiences and impacts of undergraduate student populations. We bring to the debate a different cohort of students—those undertaking PhDs. Drawing on 30 interviews with PhD students living in Parramatta, Sydney, we position PhD students as a fundamentally different student cohort with distinct housing needs and experiences.

Read More
The toll of short-term contracts

Sophie Pelisson loves her job as a data scientist for Frateli Lab, a Paris-based R&D organization promoting equal opportunities in education. But it’s a far cry from the academic career she had in mind as she completed her astrophysics Ph.D. at the Paris Observatory in 2012. She applied for permanent research and university positions, which in France are won through nationwide competitions, but her efforts came to no avail, leaving her increasingly frustrated with the French research system.

Read More
Asked more often: gender differences in faculty workload in research universities and the work interactions that shape them

Guided by research on gendered organizations and faculty careers, we examined gender differences in how research university faculty spend their work time. We used time-diary methods to understand faculty work activities at a microlevel of detail, as recorded by faculty themselves over 4 weeks. We also explored workplace interactions that shape faculty workload.

Read More
Academic work and careers: relocation, relocation, relocation

Increasingly PhD graduates who wish to take up traditional academic positions (full-time teaching and research leading to permanence) are unable to find such jobs. They end up in fixed-term appointments as post-doctoral fellows or researchers on others' grants. Few studies document their experiences and most that do draw on data from the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Read More
Presenteeism in academic employees—occupational and individual factors

There is growing evidence that presenteeism can be damaging for individuals and organizations. It is, therefore, important to identify the prevalence of working while sick in different working environments and the factors that contribute to such behaviour. To examine the prevalence of self-reported presenteeism in academic staff working in UK universities and colleges and the extent to which job demands, control, support and work engagement are risk factors.

Read More