Balancing parenthood and academia: work/family stress as influenced by gender and tenure status
O'Laughlin, E. M. and L. G. Bischoff (2005). "Balancing parenthood and academia: work/family stress as influenced by gender and tenure status." Journal of Family Issues 26(1): 79-106.
The present research investigated the influence of gender and tenure status in academicians' experiences of balancing parenthood and an academic career. Men (n = 85) and women (n = 179) employed full-time in tenure-track academic positions with at least one child younger than the age of 16 responded via the Internet to a 36-item questionnaire assessing experiences and perceptions regarding work and family demands. Results revealed group differences based on gender but no differences based on tenure status alone and no significant interactions between gender and tenure status. Women reported greater academic and family stress and perceptions of less institutional support for balance of work and family as compared to men. Results are discussed in terms of the rational and role demand models of work/family stress.